In Songy, the company bwadi bwa kifwebe functions as a supervisory body to serve the ruling elite. It helps the authorities to maintain their economic and political power. The leaders have no qualms about silent appeal to supernatural forces in the form of magic or sorcery. Bifwebe masks (sing. kifwebe are among the strongest contributors to this company. The faces of these masks are covered with parallel striations inspired coat of some animals, such as, for example, zebra and bushbuck, which the Songye attach great importance mythological. They say masks bifivebe they are outside of the normal order of the universe. A ridge surmounting the face distinguishes the male of female examples. The size of this projection is meaningful hierarchical : the bigger it is, the greater the potential magical and mystical power of the masked character are important. During their dances (for example, during the rituals of circumcision), the masks men behave in a capricious and assume the function of social control. female masks, for against, are more associated with the physical world and reproduction. Their movements are calmer because they have to activate the benevolent spirits, guardians of a numerous progeny. They are also related to the moon and occur During monthly rituals, funerals and celebrations recommendation of the name. About the Songye From Shaba in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Songye are related to Luba, with whom they share common ancestors. Their patriarchal society, divided into many subgroups, is governed by a central leader and controlled by several associations, including the institution responsible for the initiation bukishi and replaced in the early twentieth century by the powerful secret society bwadi bifwebe ka. In the late 1880s, due to internal wars, the subgroup of Nsapo moved to the western territories Songye and created his own style of sculpture. The Songye have created a very strong and impressive art, comparable in this respect to the statues of Kongo nail. They carved many fetishes ranging from small amulet for individual use, the statue of over one meter for community use. These sculptures, used to guard against epidemics and natural forces such as lightning, were charged with assorted items (skins, reptile or beast, claws, horns, feathers, nails or metal plates, bracelets or necklaces of pearls glass, etc.). bishimba and magical substances prepared by the fetish nganga and inserted into the abdomen or at the top of the skull, which was also stuck an antelope horn. Some large statues were used in the ritual of the full moon and handled with chopsticks came under their arms. Camped on large feet embedded in a circular base, the effigies Songye have a torso lengthened and a rotund belly, sides, which are applied hands. Their large head square chin shows an open mouth in the shape of rectangular or 8, a triangular nose and large almond-shaped eyes under heavy lids swollen. The neck, sometimes ringed, based on square shoulders. Masks, or in kifwebe Songye have features reminiscent of the faces of statues: large forehead, heavy eyelids, mouth, rectangular or kidney-shaped. They are covered with white streaks on a dark background or vice versa. Masks similar but generally more rounded shape, are also used by the Luba.
|Dimensions||17 × 32 cm|
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